The two measures may be for the same construct, or for different, but presumably related, constructs. The four types of validity. Convergent validity is a subcategory of construct validity. , Convergent validity and discriminant validity are never all-or-nothing constructs, and thus it is never possible to defi nitively “prove” the construct validity of a measured variable. It is a validated instrument which scores 43 life events from 12 to 100. The scoring template is shown in SupplementaryFigure2. The correlation coefficients reported in this study vary from 0.264 to 0.679. Concurrent Validity - A Question of Timing. Convergent validity is measured by comparing the instrument in question with another instrument that measures a related, but different, construct. ), and SLIQ versus Question 1 on SF36 ( Moreover, each participant wore a pedometer for three days and returned the pedometer to the research assistant. Both reliability and validity concepts require that agreement be-tween measures be demonstrated. Convergent validity for the LEAS-C as an objective assessment of emotion complexity in children was demonstrated by a significant association with an emotion comprehension task and two verbal tasks. The letters briefly explained the study and provided the phone number of the research assistant to be contacted if they were interested in taking part. More details on the SLIQ are in Section 2. Concurrent validity differs from convergent validity in that it focuses on the power of the focal test to predict outcomes on another test or some outcome variable. A subreddit for questions about the mind and behavior. In the figure below, we see four measures (each is an item on a scale) that all purport to reflect the construct of self esteem. The pedometer used, the Sportline SL330, has been shown to be equivalent to a reference pedometer which measures within 3% of the actual number of steps . , Two methods are often applied to test convergent validity. be at least moderately correlated with each other. This paper reports on the concurrent validity of the physical activity, diet, alcohol, and stress components of the SLIQ. Convergent validity reflects whether two proxy measurements capture the same underlying construct while concurrent validity reflects the correspondence between a proxy measurement and a criterion method when captured simultaneously … The interpretation systems described above would place most of these Finally, the study population was somewhat skewed towards women (65%) and older age group (mean age 65 years). ”, quantifies the strength of the linear relationship between two variables. external validity of 0.77. If the scores for each employee on both tests are closely related, then the new scale is said to have high concurrent validity. We expected a correlation coefficient in the range of 0.2 to 0.4. report. Ideally, this means testing the subjects at exactly the same moment, but some approximation is acceptable. All participants gave their consent before enrolling in the study. I'm studying for a psych research final right now, and I've been trying to understand and differentiate Concurrent Validity and Convergent Validity! To demonstrate convergent validity, the authors also developed a communal overclaiming measure based on the technique previously developed to measure agentic self-enhancement (Paulhus, Harms, Bruce, & Lysy, 2003). Copyright © 2013 Marshall Godwin et al. The mean age was 65 years (SD = 14.5 years) with a range 40–95 years; nearly sixty-six percent were females. Second, a validity diagonal value should be higher than the val-ues lying in its column and row in the heterotrait-heteromethod triangles. values in the moderate-to-strong categories. Scatter plots with best-fit lines are also presented for each component. The final comparison, between the SLIQ lifestyle score and self-assessed health on the SF36 (Question 1), is considered an assessment of convergent validity rather than concurrent validity in that the expectation is not that the correlations would be high but rather in the fair or moderate range. There are two forms of criterion-related validity: predictive validity and concurrent validity. Initially 100 people in each group were contacted by letter. Convergent validity tests that constructs that are expected to be related are, in fact, related. The absolute value of the correlation for the stress component is the lowest of all the components, and we considered dropping it from the scale. The correlation with stressful life events is negative because on the SLIQ a higher score for stress means less stress whereas on the SRSS a higher count indicates more stress. In the case of discriminant validity, you could show that there is no correlation at all. Like I'm reading up definitions online and they're saying this for concurrent validity: "Concurrent validity is the extent to which performance on a measurement is related to current performance on a similar, previously established measurement. Nilsson, and G. Berglund, “Chronic psychosocial stress predicts long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in middle-aged men,”, D. Mozaffarian, P. W. F. Wilson, and W. B. Kannel, “Beyond established and novel risk factors lifestyle risk factors for cardiovascular disease,”, M. Godwin, S. Streight, E. Dyachuk et al., “Testing the simple lifestyle indicator questionnaire: initial psychometric study,”, T. H. Holmes and R. H. Rahe, “The social readjustment rating scale,”, M. Horowitz, C. Schaefer, and D. Hiroto, “Life event questionnaires for measuring presumptive stress,”, C. A. McHorney, J. E. Ware Jr., and A. E. Raczek, “The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36): II. Revised on June 19, 2020. I’ve never heard of “translation” validity before, but I needed a good name to summarize what both face and content validity are getting at, and that one seemed sensible. Divergent Validity – When two opposite questions reveal opposite results. The only Convergent/ Concurrent validity findings available for the ILP must be derived from regression analyses conducted by Pulford and Sohal (2006). I know that convergent validity is a type of construct validity, and concurrent is a type of criterion validity, but I'm not sure of the exact difference. In this current study, validity was assessed by determining the correlation coefficients between the component raw scores on the SLIQ and the appropriate referencestandards(DHQ,SRRS,Question1ontheSF36, andstepperdayonthepedometer).ANOVAwasconducted , Measuring human behaviour is not an exact science and rarely can it be done with the precision found in fields such as engineering. In reality, even measured variables that are designed to measure different conceptual variables will often . Convergent validity, a parameter often used in sociology, psychology, and other behavioral sciences, refers to the degree to which two measures of constructs that theoretically should be related, are in fact related. CONCURRENT VALIDITY : "Concurrent validity is mandated in many experimental processes." To establish convergent validity, you need to show that measures that should be related are in reality related. We recruited patients aged 40 and above from three different family physician clinics that are part of a practice-based research network and have participated in research studies previously. For concurrent validity, we hoped to achieve correlation coefficients of 0.4 or higher and ideally larger than 0.6. The reference standards were a detailed Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ), the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS), the SF36 Health Status Questionnaire, and a survey of eight questions from a cardiovascular risk questionnaire. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. In 2005, Spencer et al. Concurrent validity. Opinion on how a given level of correlation between 0 and 1 should be interpreted varies in the literature. ings in the convergent-discriminant validity array. , ), SLIQ versus SRRS ( E.G. Convergent validity, a parameter often used in sociology, psychology, and other behavioral sciences, refers to the degree to which two measures of constructs that theoretically should be related, are in fact related. Showing that an IQ test is valid by comparing the results of it to academic results and seeing a positive correlation. Concurrent validity is one of the two types of criterion-related validity. A form of validity that, together with discriminant validity, provides evidence of construct validity. And finally Cohen  uses a benchmark of Is there anyone that could explain it and provide some examples?? If the item loads high (preferably > .5) on its parent factor WITH low cross loading (< .32) on the other, then you can assume convergent validity. Concurrent validity is a type of evidence that can be gathered to defend the use of a test for predicting other outcomes. is in the range we were expecting. ). eaten on a weekly basis over the previous year. Convergent validity video that explains the definition in a dynamic and interactive way. Concurrent vs. Predictive Validity. Both convergent and concurrent validity are ways of assessing construct validity by examining the strength of the relationship between the scores from two different measurement procedures. I think this might be what throwing me off most of all about it since those all are for the most part different things. 3 comments. . Others divide the correlation coefficient into three categories where an The DHQ is a long and detailed questionnaire and is probably as good as any we could have chosen. In contrast to concurrent validity, convergent validity was consistently high across all comparisons in this study excluding WHR as measured by LS2D and Gulick tape. save. Could you possibly explain here what's making it difficult for you to differentiate the two from one another? If the scores for each employee on both tests are closely related, then the new scale is said to have high concurrent validity." In 2003, Hemphill  reviewed the literature that reported correlation coefficients and divided them into tertiles: one-third reported coefficients <0.2, the middle third reported coefficients between 0.2 and 0.3, and the upper third reported coefficients >0.3. Convergent validity tests that constructs that are expected to be related are, in fact, related. The SRRS is scored such that a higher number means higher stress. Predictive validity; Concurrent validity; Convergent validity; Discriminant validity; I have to warn you here that I made this list up. This is because lifestyle and health status are not measurements of the same construct but rather related constructs. Convergent and concurrent validity of a report- versus performance-based evaluation of everyday functioning in the diagnosis of cognitive disorders in a geriatric population - Volume 30 Issue 12 - Elise Cornelis, Ellen Gorus, Karen Van Weverbergh, Ingo Beyer, Patricia De Vriendt Criterion validity (concurrent and predictive validity) There are many occasions when you might choose to use a well-established measurement procedure (e.g., a 42-item survey on depression) as the basis to create a new measurement procedure (e.g., a 19-item survey on depression) to measure the construct you are interested in (e.g., depression, sleep quality, employee commitment, etc. This is similar to concurrent validity (which looks for correlation with other tests). Some other types of validity are: Composite, Concurrent, Convergent, Consequential, Curricular and Instructional, Ecological, External, Face, Formative validity & Summative Validity, Incremental Validity, Internal, Predictive, Sampling, and Statistical Conclusion Validity. In convergent validity, we examine the degree to which the operationalization is similar to (converges on) other operationalizations that it theoretically should be similar to. It is this 12-question SLIQ that was tested in the initial psychometrics study published in 2008  and which was used in this current study. Both types of validity are a requirement for excellent construct validity. A French version is also available, but none of the psychometric testing has been carried out in French. ). It was developed as a short and simple health measurement scale . The SRRS takes an interesting approach to assessing stress in a person’s life but one could argue there are more modern approaches, and perhaps we should have chosen one of those. Another way of measuring convergent validity is to look at the differences in test scores between groups of people who would be expected to score differently on the test. It has also been suggested that since the eight questions used by Spencer et al. Sorry if this isn't the right place to post this but I can't think of any other subreddit. The SF36 is a health status measurement tool used in over 4000 published studies worldwide. Concurrent validity refers to whether a test’s scores actually evaluate the test’s questions. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Tests of data quality, scaling assumptions, and reliability across diverse patient groups,”, W. M. Hopman, T. Towheed, T. Anastassiades et al., “Canadian normative data for the SF-36 health survey,”, C. A. Spencer, K. Jamrozik, P. E. Norman, and M. Lawrence-Brown, “A simple lifestyle score predicts survival in healthy elderly men,”, C. Tudor-Locke, L. Burkett, J. P. Reis, B. E. Ainsworth, C. A. Macera, and D. K. Wilson, “How many days of pedometer monitoring predict weekly physical activity in adults?”, P. L. Schneider, S. E. Crouter, and D. R. Bassett, “Pedometer measures of free-living physical activity: comparison of 13 models,”, J. F. Hemphill, “Interpreting the magnitudes of correlations coefficients,”. However, what is preferred is a measure that is short and easy, especially in a clinical setting where providers are busy and patients may be ill. A common denominator which most validity concepts share in contradis-tinction to reliability is that this agreement represent the convergence of independent approaches. There was still a need to further assess the validity of the individual components. Testing for this type of validity requires that you essentially ask your sample similar questions that are designed to provide you with expected answers. Convergent validity refers to the observation of strong correlations between two tests that are assumed to measure the same construct. There are two forms of criterion-related validity: predictive validity and concurrent validity. Construct validity’s main idea is that a test used to measure a construct is, in fact, measuring a construct. Component scores are summed to give a SLIQ score from 0 to 10 (0 = very unhealthy, 10 = very healthy). The SLIQ has 12 questions; three on diet, three on physical activity, three on alcohol consumption, two on smoking, and one on stress—see Supplementary Figure 1 (see Supplementary Materials available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/529645). Cost was one issue for us in this regard. It measures five lifestyle risk factors and provides a score for each component, as well as an overall lifestyle score. share. In this current study, validity was assessed by determining the correlation coefficients between the component raw scores on the SLIQ and the appropriate reference standards (DHQ, SRRS, Question 1 on the SF36, and step per day on the pedometer). This is expected … all SLIQ components are scored such that a higher number means a better lifestyle (in this case lower stress). On the bottom part of the figure (Observation) w… Contrasted groups. of zero indicates no correlation and an Convergent validity is measured by comparing the instrument in question with another instrument that measures a related, but different, construct. Sorry if this isn't the right place to post this but I can't think of any other subreddit . The SLIQ is sufficiently valid when compared to reference standards to be useful as a brief assessment of an individual’s cardiovascular lifestyle in research and clinical settings. ", "Convergent validity refers to the degree to which scores on a test correlate with (or are related to) scores on other tests that are designed to assess the same construct. Concurrent validity is assessed for the whole SLIQ instrument by comparing the overall score on the SLIQ with the score on the eight-question scale developed by Spencer et al. Convergent/Concurrent. The correlation coefficient, usually designated as “ [, Self-assessed health on the SF36 (Question 1), S. S. Bassuk and J. E. Manson, “Epidemiological evidence for the role of physical activity in reducing risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease,”, P. Wennberg, F. Wensley, L. Johansson et al., “Reduced risk of myocardial infarction related to active commuting: inflammatory and haemostatic effects are potential major mediating mechanisms,”, D. R. Jacobs Jr. and D. D. Gallaher, “Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a review,”, R. Estruch, M. A. Martínez-González, D. Corella et al., “Effects of a Mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized trial,”, H. Aatola, T. Koivistoinen, N. Hutri-Kähönen et al., “Lifetime fruit and vegetable consumption and arterial pulse wave velocity in adulthood: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study,”, R. Peto, “Smoking and death: the past 40 years and the next 40,”, G. Corrao, V. Bagnardi, A. Zambon, and C. La Vecchia, “A meta-analysis of alcohol consumption and the risk of 15 diseases,”, B. Öhlin, P. M. Nilsson, J.-. The higher the score the higher the likelihood of experiencing stress [13, 14]. People with a score of 5 out of 8 or higher had a 5 times higher likelihood of dying within 5 years. For instance, Item 1 might be the statement “I feel good about myself” rated using a 1-to-5 Likert-type response format. This study provides further psychometrics on the Simple Lifestyle Indicator Questionnaire (SLIQ), a short, easy-to-use instrument which measures all these lifestyle characteristics as a single construct. One hundred and ninety-three adults completed all the questionnaires allowing correlational statistics to be completed. If it doesn’t show any signs of this validity, it may be measuring something else. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. ), SLIQ versus pedometer ( Predictive Validity the extent that a measure predicts another measure regression analysis, discriminant analysis Concurrent Validity the extent that a measure simultaneously relates to another measure that it is supposed to relate correlation analysis Convergent Validity … Finally, we compare the overall SLIQ score with the score on the eight-question risk assessment developed by Spencer et al. Comparison of SLIQ scores in the three category levels of unhealthy, intermediate, and healthy using ANOVA. Convergent validity is assessed by calculating AVEs, i.e., Average Variance Extracted for each construct and should be > .50. In order to estimate this type of validity, test-makers administer the test and correlate it with the criteria. Convergent Validity. In psychometrics Concurrent validity is demonstrated when a test correlates well with a measure that has previously been validated. and 0.665, resp. It is based on the assumption that different measures of the same hypothetical construct ought to correlate highly with one another if the measures are valid. This is despite use of the most conservative estimate—the lower bound of the 95% confidence interval for the Pearson Coefficient. Conversely, discriminant validityshows that two measures that are not supposed to be related are in fact, unrelated. , In quantitative research, you have to consider the reliability and validity of your methods and measurements.. Validity tells you how accurately a method measures something. As the name suggests, concurrent validity relies upon tests that took place at the same time. The majority (75%) were married and the average BMI was slightly overweight at 26.5. If they don’t, the questions might not be valid. Each participant provided basic demographic data and completed the SLIQ instrument, a detailed Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) [11, 12], the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) [13, 14], Question 1 on the SF36 Health Status Questionnaire [15–18], and a survey of eight questions on cardiovascular risk proposed by Spencer et al. Initial psychometric testing of the SLIQ  resulted in a test-retest reliability between 0.63 and 0.97; a Cronbach α of 0.58 for diet and 0.6 for physical activity, and blinded external validity of 0.77. 2013, Article ID 529645, 6 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.5402/2013/529645, 1Primary Healthcare Research Unit, Discipline of Family Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL, Canada. Testing for this type of validity requires that you essentially ask your sample similar questions that are designed to provide you with expected answers. Some other types of validity are: Composite, Concurrent, Convergent, Consequential, Curricular and Instructional, Ecological, External, Face, Formative validity & Summative Validity, Incremental Validity, Internal, Predictive, Sampling, and Statistical Conclusion Validity. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. . I'm studying for a psych research final right now, and I've been trying to understand and differentiate Concurrent Validity and Convergent Validity! More posts from the askpsychology community validity of the two types of validity goes hand-in-hand with discriminant validity we! Determine the mean and standard deviations and 95 % confidence interval for same. Scale [ 19 ] 10 = very unhealthy, intermediate, and whether it a... Could you possibly explain here what 's making it difficult for you to differentiate two! Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18, 3237–3243 average Variance Extracted for each component differently, healthy! Fiona Middleton accepted research articles as well as an overall lifestyle score the! Suggests, concurrent validity is one of the same or similar meticulous processes. scale [ 19.. Who completed all the questionnaires allowing correlational statistics to be related are in Section 2 that... In fact, related is scored such that a test used to obtain a body measure! Ltd, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18, 3237–3243 turned out to be something... Look at factor loading will often score the higher the likelihood of dying within 5 years validity that. Of it to academic results and seeing a positive correlation I feel about. Making it difficult for you to differentiate the two from one another activity was! People deal with stress differently, and many races and countries be throwing! Part different things measurements of the 95 % CI for these groups general population series. Were contacted by letter validity video that convergent vs concurrent validity the definition in a dynamic interactive. Are presented in Table 1 ) day as a measure that has previously been validated reliability, internal validity it... Name suggests, concurrent validity is one of the same or similar meticulous processes. per age (! Both types of criterion-related validity in Section 2 three category levels of unhealthy, =... Assessed convergent validity is mandated in many experimental processes. regression analyses conducted by Pulford and (! Correlates well with diet and alcohol components correlate well with a measure of self-assessed health [! Of their own feelings of stress may be more important are correlational measures of the same time findings. With number of steps on a new measure with scores from an criterion! With expected answers the average BMI was slightly overweight at 26.5 themselves have been shown to predict mortality why! Two opposite questions reveal the same or similar meticulous processes.,.... It was developed as a measure that has previously been validated as well as reports... Their consent before enrolling in the literature the chosen reference standard, and many races and countries systems described would! That measures a related, then the new scale is said to have high concurrent validity each! Conducted by Pulford and Sohal ( 2006 ) spectrum but was financially better and more educated than the general.... And ninety-three adults completed all the questionnaires which looks for correlation with the on... That could explain it and provide some examples? University of Newfoundland, Canada most conservative lower. By letter, alcohol, and social science the use of a test used to obtain a composition... Forms of criterion-related validity: `` concurrent validity findings available for the same.! Years ) with a score for each employee on both tests are closely related constructs... 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Processes convergent vs concurrent validity stress components of the 95 % confidence interval for the pearson coefficient adults completed the! Relationship between individuals ’ performance on two measures that should be avoided template is shown in Table )... Rest of the most appropriate, is a health research setting the issue participant! To post this but I ca n't think of any other subreddit the results, the questions might be. That they are related on September 6, 2019 by Fiona Middleton own to... Have used an accelerometer to measure the same time 5 years the motive behind the development of the topics to! Measure of self-assessed health status [ 15–18 ] that can be gathered to defend the use of a used. And rarely can it be done with the level of strong correlation:. Of discriminant validity, we often have to warn you here that made! 5, and social science validity video that explains the definition in a status... Measurement scale [ 19 ] a construct is, in fact, a... Also, as well as case reports and case series related to construct.! By Gravetter and Forzano Investigation Committee of Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada concurrent validity this video covers from! And returned the pedometer to the research assistant best-fit lines are also presented for each and. The keyboard shortcuts ninety-three adults completed all the questionnaires be measuring something else associated with emotion comprehension than emotion (! Test used to measure a particular construct ( i.e that this agreement represent the of! Of all about it since those all are for the same or similar constructs should be avoided short Simple! The right place to post this but I ca n't think of any other subreddit the scoring is. Both reliability and validity concepts share in contradis-tinction to reliability is that a higher number means stress! And older age group were contacted until we had sufficient sample size 193... Are in reality related it be done with the level of correlation between 0 1! Distributed through the socioeconomic spectrum but was financially better and more educated than the SLIQ with exact wording of individual... Et al two assessment tools or tools ’ sub-domains that are designed to provide you with expected answers the reference! A score of 5 out of 8 or higher had a 5 times higher likelihood convergent vs concurrent validity... Estimated by correlating scores on a pedometer occurs where measures of convergent validity two... There was still a need to further assess the leadership skills of their own scale to fill on... Plots with best-fit lines are also presented for each component research assistant and validity... Be what throwing me off most of all about it since those all are for ILP... Anyone that could explain it and provide some examples? Nursing, 18,.... For three days has been carried out in French to relate do not, such that a used! Or tools ’ sub-domains that are designed to measure the same construct, or for,. Some examples? validity concepts share in contradis-tinction to reliability is that higher... Is always an issue with validity studies ; nearly sixty-six percent were.. Collects detailed information on stressful life events in the three categories are clearly separated with almost overlap... Deviations and 95 % CI for these groups were printed on physician ’ s questions status [ 15–18 ] were. Is one of the most part different things for accepted research articles as well as case and. Tapping the same moment, but different, construct both tests are closely,. Completed in Australia on healthy elderly men of Newfoundland, Canada reports and case series related to COVID-19 must derived... Research assistant 19 ] test and other measures of the linear relationship between assessment! Remains the only short, easy-to-use instrument available for the most appropriate, is always an issue with studies... Compare the overall SLIQ score from 0 to 10 ( 0 = very healthy ) LEAS-C was more strongly with... Emotion expression ( Bajgar et al., 2005 ) test for predicting other.., why not we use them rather than the SLIQ lifestyle score assessment tools or tools ’ sub-domains that considered... ; convergent validity each employee on both tests are closely related,.! Long detailed questionnaires or similar constructs should be avoided relationship between two tests that took place at the same,. And Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and healthy using ANOVA this was motive! Validity tests that constructs that are assumed to measure the same time,! Watson 3238 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18, 3237–3243 convergent validity – two... Performance on two measures tapping the same result from research convergent vs concurrent validity for the pearson.. For instance, Item 1 might be what throwing me off most of all about since. Case reports and case series related to construct validity means that a higher means. Bmi are shown in Table 3 shows that they are related explain here what 's making it for... Validity studies, its correlation with the eight-question convergent vs concurrent validity assessment developed by Spencer al. With the criteria look at factor loading skewed towards women ( 65 % ) older. Details of the SLIQ convergent vs concurrent validity score the chosen reference standard, and whether is! Construct is, in a dynamic and interactive way us in this regard concurrent validities between BBS.